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揮發性有機物VOCs監測方法與治理

作者:卓麗珊 來源:《中國科技投資》 日期:2017-12-27 10:40:14 人氣:52

       摘要:揮發性有機物VOCs是嚴重的大氣污染物質,是PM2.5前體物質.對VOCs監測和治理研究是改善環境的重要課題.本文對VOCs監測技術和治理技術進行簡析,并對相關的管控政策提出了建議,以期提升VOCs監測和治理的整體水平

       1、YINYAN

       HUIFAXINGYOUJIWU(VOCs)SHIYIZHONGZHONGYAODEDAQIHUANJINGWURANWUZHI,SHIDAQIZHONGPM2.5DEZHONGYAOQIANTIWUZHI。JUYANJIUBIAOMING,HUIFAXINGYOUJIWUDELAIYUANZHUYAOSHISHIYOUHUAGONGXINGYE、QICHEWEIQIJIYOUJIFEIWUSHENGWUZHUANHUADENGXINGYE。HUIFAXINGYOUJIWUDUIYUHUANJINGDEYINGXIANGBIJIAOYANZHONG,SHIMUQIANGUOJIADAQIHUANJINGGUANLIZHONGDEYIGEXIANGDUIBORUOHUANJIE,QIJIANCEHEZHILIDEYANJIUJIDAIJINYIBUDEFAZHANHETISHENG。LUOSHIGUOJIADAQIHUANJINGZHONGDAGUIHUAHEJIHUA,DUIVOCsJIANCENENGLITICHULEGENGJIAYANKEDEYAOQIU。ZHUNQUEDUIDAQIZHONGVOCsJINXINGJIANCESHILEJIEQINONGDUSHUIPINGBIANHUA、LIANGHUALAIYUANJIPINGJIAVOCsDUIDAQIWURANGONGXIANDEBIYAOQIANTI。BENWENZHENDUIDAQIZHONGHUIFAXINGYOUJIWUDEJIANCEJISHUHEZHILIJISHUJINXINGFENXI,BINGDUIXIANGYINGDEGUANKONGCELVETICHULEXIANGGUANDEJIANYI。

       2、HUIFAXINGYOUJIWURANWU(VOCs)DEJIANCEJISHUFENXI

手机捕鱼        2.1MOCUIQUQIXIANGSEPUJISHU

       SUIZHUKEXUEJISHUDEBUDUANJINBUYUFAZHAN,DUIHUIFAXINGYOUJIWURANWUDEJIANCEJISHUYEBUDUANDECHUXIAN,YINGYONGDESHIMOCUIQUSEPUFANGFA。ZHUYAOCAIQUMOJISHUDUIYANGPINJINXINGCHULI,ERQIEMOJISHUSHIDUOZHONGCHULIFANGFADESHOUYAOXUANZE。ZAIMOCHULIGUOCHENGZHONG,WANQUANXIANGHURONGHEDELIANGXIANGSHIBUCUNZAIDE,ERQIEDUIYUCHUYURUHUAYEZHUANGTAIDEWUTIKEYIWANQUANCHUQU,CIGUOCHENGKEYIDAFUDUDEJIANGDIRONGJIDESHIYONGLIANG。SUOXUANYONGDEYANGPINKEYILIANXUDIHECUIQUJIJINXINGJIECHUZUOYONG,JINERDUIHUIFAXINGYOUJIWUJINXINGJIANCE,KEYIWANCHENGSHISHIJIANCEDEMUDE。LIYONGCIFANGFAJINXINGJIANCESHI,KONGDEXIANWEIMOLIANXUDITONGGUOKONGQI,VOCsTONGGUOXIANWEIMODEGUOCHENGZHONGSHIJUYOUXUANZEXINGDE。LIYONGXUANZEXINGDEQITIJIEZHI-DANQI,VOCSZAIWEIJINGZHONGBUDUANDIDEDAOJUJI,RANHOULIYONGDIANJIAREDEFANGSHIDUIQIJINXINGJIARECHULI。ZHEYIGUOCHENGHUIXINGCHENGJUYOUYIDINGSHIJIANJIANGEDEMOCHONG。YANGPINZAITOUGUOCUIQUMOSHI,XUYAOBAOZHENGYIDINGDESHIJIAN,YIMANZUWENDINGXINGNENGGAODEMOSHI,SHIDEJIANCEJIEGUOGENGJIAZHUNQUE。

手机捕鱼        2.2TDLASJISHU

手机捕鱼        ZAIBUDUANDIYANJIUHESHIJIANYINGYONGZHONG,DADUOSHUYANJIUZHEJIANGMUGUANGZHUANYIDAOJIGUANGGUANGPUJISHUYINGYONGDEKAIFAZHONG。YOUYUJIGUANGJUYOUGENGQIANGDEMIDU、GUANGZITONGLIANGDADENGTEDIAN,YINCIJIGUANGGUANGPUJIANCEFANGFAZHUJIANBEIKAIFAHEYINGYONG,QIZHONGLIYONGGUANGFANDEFANGFASHITDLASJISHU。YINWEIZHEYIJISHUJUYOUGENGGAODELINGMINDUHEXUANZEXING,KEYIDUIHUIFAXINGWUZHIJINXINGSHISHIDI、DONGTAIDIJIANCE。

       JUXIANGGUANSHUJUFENXIXIANSHI,GAIFANGFAZAI1sNEIKEYIDADAOppmJISHENZHISHIppbJIDEJIANCESUDU,TONGSHIJIANCELINGMINDUKEYITIGAO100BEI。LINGWAI,GAIJISHUKEYIZAIFUZADEHUANJINGXIAJINXINGJIANCEGONGZUO,RUGAOWEN、GAOYA、GAOFUSHIXINGHUANJING。YINCI,TDLASJISHUJUYOUGUANGFANDEYINGYONGQIANJING。

手机捕鱼        3、HUIFAXINGYOUJIWURANWU(VOCs)DEXIANGGUANZHILIJISHUFENXI

手机捕鱼        MUQIAN,DUIYUVOCsZHILIFANGFAKEYIFENWEILIANGDALEI:HUISHOUFAHEFENJIEFA。

       3.1HUISHOUFACHULI

手机捕鱼        VOCsDEHUISHOUFABAOKUOXIFUFA、XISHOUFA、LENGNINGFAHEMOFENLIFA,ZHEXIEFANGFALIYONGGEZHONGHUAXUEJISHUSHOUDUANDUIVOCsJINXINGTUOCHU,JIANGDIQIHANLIANG。XIFUFASHILIYONGGUTIXIFUJI(HUOXINGTAN、FENZISHAI)DUIWURANWUJINXINGXIFUJINGHUA。XIFUFADEZHUYAOYUANLISHILIYONGXIFUJIDENEIBUKONGDAO,KONGDAONEIJUYOUJUDADEBIBIAOMIANJI,KEYIDUIVOCsJINXINGXIFU。SHIYIDECHULIFANGFAKEYISHIQILIUWENDING、VOCsDENONGDUWEI300-5000ppm。XIFUFAHEQITAFANGFAXIANGBI,JUYOUXIAOGUOHAO、NENGHAODI、GONGYICHENGSHU、YITUIGUANGDENGYOUDIAN,DANYIBANSHEBEITIJIBIJIAODA,ZHANDIJIAODUO。

       XISHOUFASHILIYONGDIHUIFADUHUOZHEBUHUIFADEYOUJIRONGJIDUIVOCsJINXINGXISHOUCHULI,ZHUYAOYIKAOWUZHIZAIXISHOUJIZHONGDERONGJIEDUHUOZHEHUAXUEFANYINGTEXINGDECHAYIJINXINGCHULI。TEBIEZHENDUIQITINONGDUCHUYU0.05%-0.5%ZHIJIANHUOZHESHILIULIANGCHUYU3000-15000m3/hZHIJIANDEYOUHAIQITI,XISHOUXIAOGUOSHIFEICHANGHAODE。XISHOUFANGFAZHUYAOSHIYONGYUNONGDUJIAOGAO、WENDUJIAODIHEYALIJIAODAQINGKUANGXIAQIXIANGWURANWUDECHULI。

手机捕鱼        LINGWAI,LENGNINGFASHITONGGUOJIANGDIWENDU,SHIDEVOCsDADAOLENGNINGDIAN,RANHOUCONGQITIZHONGXICHU,DADAOJIANGDIQINONGDUDEMUDE。MOFENLIFANGFALIYONGWUZHICHUANGUOMODENENGLIHUOZHEDUIMODEXUANZEXINGCHAYILAIWANCHENGVOCsZHILIDE。

       3.2FENJIEFACHULI

       FENJIEFABAOKUORANSHAOFA、GUANGCUIHUAFA、SHENGWUFADENG,QIZHONGRANSHAOFALIYONGVOCsRONGYIBEIRANSHAODETEXINGDADAOQUCHUQIYINGXIANGDEMUDE。RANSHAOFAKEYIJIANGVOCsBIANHUAWEIWUJIXIAOFENZI,JIANGDIQIWEIHAICHENGDU。ZHUYAOBAOHANLIANGZHONGFANGSHIZHIJIERANSHAOFAHECUIHUARANSHAOFA。ZHIJIERANSHAOJIUSHIJIEZHUQIRANSHAOTEXINGZHIJIEJIANGQIZUOWEIRANLIAOJINXINGRANSHAOCHULI。CUIHUARANSHAOJIEZHUYIGECUIHUAJISHIDEYOUJIFEIQILIYONGLEISIREYANGHUADEFANGSHI,SHITAMENLIYONGRANSHAODEFANGFA,LAICHULIYOUJIFEIQIDEFANGFA,YIBANCAIYONGYOUJIWUBO、BADENGGUIJINSHUZUOWEICUIHUAJI。GUANGCUIHUACHULIFASHILIYONGWENDINGXINGHAODEHUOXINGTANZUOWEIZAITI,RANHOULIYONGGUANGCUIHUAJI,RUERYANGHUATAI、ERYANGHUAXINDENGDUIVOCsJINXINGJIANGJIECHULI。CIZHONGFANGFABUHUICHANSHENGERCIWURAN。DENGLIZICHULIFANGFASHIYIZHONGXINXINGDECHULIFANGFA,DENGLIZIZHONGHANYOUFENGFUHANJIGAOHUAXUEHUOXINGDELIZI,FEIQIZHONGWURANWUZHIYUZHEXIELIZIXIANGHUZUOYONG,WURANWUBEIZHUANHUAWEIWUJIXIAOFENZIWUZHI。

       4、HUIFAXINGYOUJIWUWURANWUVOCsGUANKONGZHENGCEJIJIANYI

手机捕鱼        4.1JINKUAIKAIZHANVOCsPAIWUSHOUFEISHIDIANGONGZUO

       ZHENGZHIHEDIAOCHALIANGSHOUZHUADETONGSHI,QINGDANMOCHAHEPAIWUSHOUFEIYEYINGLIANGSHOUZHUA,YONGQINGDANGONGZUOTUIJINSHOUFEISHIDIAN,YONGSHOUFEISHIDIANTUIJINQIYEVOCsJIANPAIHEPEIHEYOUGUANBUMENWANSHANQINGDANMOCHA。TONGGUOVOCsPAIWUSHOUFEISHIDIANDAOBIQIYEZIJUEXUNQIUJIANPAIJIZHI,ZIDONGTAOTAILUOHOUCHANNENG。

       4.2JINKUAIJIANLIDUOBUMENLIANHEKONGWUCHANGXIAOGONGZUOJIZHI

       VOCsJIANPAIHEGUANKONGBUSHIHUANBAOBUMENYIJIAZHISHI,YINGGAIXINGCHENGYIZHENGFUWEIZHUDAO,HUANBAO、CAIZHENG、FAGAIWEIDENGDUOBUMENLIANDONGDEGONGZUOMOSHIHEJIZHI,WEIGUANCHESHISHIVOCsZHILITIGONGLVSETONGDAO。YIHESHIDEXIANDUTISHENGGAIXIANGGONGZUODESHISHILIDU。

手机捕鱼        4.3JIANLIVOCsPAIFANGJIANCEYUYANJIUTIXI

手机捕鱼        MUQIAN,DUOSHUCHENGSHIDEHUANJINGJIANCEBUMENHUANWEIPEIBEIVOCsDEZAIXIANJIANCEYIQI,VOCsJIANCEHEYANJIUSHEBEIDEQUESHIDAOZHIQIZHILIHEJIANCENENGLIDADAJIANGDI。JIANYICHUTAIYOUGUANZHENGCEHUOJIHUA,JINKUAICHOUJIANBENDIVOCsFANGZHIJIANCEYUYANJIUNENGLI,TUIJINHUANBAOXITONGNEIBUKONGQIZHILIANGSHUJUGONGXIANG,TISHENGVOCsZHILIDEZHENGTISHUIPING。

       5、JIEYU

手机捕鱼        HUIFAXINGYOUJIWUVOCsSHIYANZHONGDEHUANJINGWURANWUZHI,DUIQIJINXINGSHISHIJIANCEHEZHILIGONGZUOSHIGAISHANSHEHUIHUANJINGDEZHONGYAOJUCUO。TONGGUODUIVOCsJIANCEJISHUHEZHILIJISHUJINXINGXIANGGUANDEFENXIYANJIU,KEYIGENGJIASHENRUDILEJIEVOCsDEFANGZHICUOSHI。


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